On June 22, 1944, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the G.I. Bill, an unprecedented act of legislation designed to compensate returning members of the armed services–known as G.I.s–for their efforts in World War II. By giving veterans money for tuition, living expenses, books, supplies and equipment, the G.I. Bill effectively transformed higher education in America. Before the war, college had been an option for only 10-15 percent of young Americans, and university campuses had become known as a haven for the most privileged classes. By 1947, in contrast, vets made up half of the nation’s college enrollment; three years later, nearly 500,000 Americans graduated from college, compared with 160,000 in 1939. The G.I. Bill became one of the major forces that drove an economic expansion in America that lasted 30 years after World War II. Over 50 years, the impact of the G.I. Bill was enormous, with 20 million veterans and dependents using the education benefits and 14 million home loans guaranteed, for a total federal investment of $67 billion. Among the millions of Americans who have taken advantage of the bill are former Presidents George H.W. Bush and Gerald Ford, former Vice President Al Gore and entertainers Johnny Cash, Ed McMahon, Paul Newman and Clint Eastwood. Find veteran’s benefits on hoopla, at Military.com and at the U.S. Department of Veteran Affairs. Click for further information of veteran benefits in : New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Delaware. For for veteran services and benefits in your state, click on Military.com.
On June 22, 1974, Carly Simon hits #14 with “Haven’t Got Time For the Pain.” Find Carly Simon at the library, on hoopla, at OverDrive and in Freegal.